Planting Guide for Areas with Frost

For those of you that do not live in Zones 9 and 10 and get frost in your area, here is a complete planting guide for when to start your seeds according to the average last frost date.

Planting Guide with Areas with Frost

Vegetables and Herbs

10-12 weeks
Before average last frost date

  • Artichoke
  • Celery
  • Eggplant
  • Onion (Bulb, except short day types)
  • Rosemary

8-10 weeks
Before average last frost date

  • Dill
  • Endive
  • Escarole
  • Leek
  • Onion (Bunching)
  • Pepper
  • Savory
  • Stevia

6-8 weeks
Before average last frost date

  • Borage
  • Catnip
  • Chinese Kale
  • Chives
  • Lemon Balms
  • Marjoram
  • Oregano
  • Parsley
  • Swiss Chard
  • Tarragon
  • Thyme

4-6 weeks 
Before average last frost dateAmaranth

  • Basil
  • Bok Choy
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage (Head)
  • Cabbage (Chinese)
  • Cauliflower
  • Chamomile
  • Collard
  • Fennel
  • Kale
  • Kohlrabi
  • Lettuce
  • Okra
  • Radicchio
  • Sage
  • Shiso
  • Sorrel
  • Tomatillo
  • Tomato
  • Watercress

2-4 weeks
Before average last frost date

  • Broccoli Raab
  • Cress ‘Wrinkled Crinkled Crumpled’
  • Cucumber
  • Melon
  • Pumpkin
  • Purslane
  • Squash (Summer)
  • Squash (Winter)
  • Watermelon

2-3 months
Before average first fall frost

  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Onion

Flowers and Ornamentals

10-12 weeks
Before average last frost date

  • Echinacea

8-10 weeks
Before average last frost date

  • Alyssum ‘Compacta’
  • Gaillardia ‘

6-8 weeks
Before average last frost date

  • Baby’s Breath
  • Butterfly Flower ‘Common’
  • Butterfly Flower
  • Hollyhock
  • Hyacinth Bean
  • Lupine
  • Mexican Sunflower
  • Poppy (Iceland)

4-6 weeks
Before average last frost date

  • Alyssum (Sweet)
  • Amaranth
  • Bachelor’s Button
  • Cosmo
  • Flax ‘Scarlet’
  • Marigold
  • Morning Glory
  • Sweet Pea
  • Zinnia

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