Growing Bush Beans
The wonders of growing bush beans should not be overlooked in the garden. There are numerous benefits to growing bush beans in the garden, especially in container gardens or urban gardens that have limited space.
Bush beans are incredible plants that can provide tons and tons of nutrients in a very small area. An average bush bean plant only needs about 5-6” between plantings and can produce more beans than a typical family can use. We make use of all the beans by canning, freezing and pickling what does not get eaten fresh.
Unlike pole beans, bush beans do not need a structure to grow on, making them easy to grow in a pot or container. The most important thing to remember when growing bush beans in a container is that the smaller the container, the quicker the soil will dry out. This happens because there is more surface area for warm air to surround the pot. If you have your containers or pots on hot concrete, that can suck even more moisture out of your containers. We advise growers to add a thick layer of mulch on top of the soil when possible. This helps to cut down on moisture evaporation.
Beans can be harvested at any stage. When they are harvested young and tender, they are known as fresh beans, snap beans or filet beans. To get the best flavor out of these beans, harvest them when they are between 3-5” long before the bean seeds have fully formed.
If you are seeking to grow dry beans, you can let the beans dry on the plants and harvest when they are ready. They should make a shaking sound when you rattle them in the pod. All beans can be used as fresh beans or dry beans depending on when you harvest them.
Like all veggies, beans enjoy organic matter in the soil. If you have poor soil, add compost to the soil. An all-purpose well balanced organic fertilizer can be added to the soil to give your beans a boost.